Sunday, 12 February 2017

Preparation for climbing Mount Kilimanjaro peaks

Mount Kilimanjaro Climb – Suggested Equipment for Climbing Mount Kilimanjaro.

The hardest part in planning a trip to a location that you know nothing about is deciding what equipment to bring, and also what not to bring.

Good equipment is vital to a safe and enjoyable climb. Sure, in superb weather conditions you could climb the mountain in a pair of old trainers, your oldest pair of long trousers and with a couple of sweaters thrown in you will only suffer badly during the last night of the ascent. However, let the weather change for the worse, a couple of hours driving rain soon after setting off from the Horombo area, and you could be dead from hypothermia very rapidly.


Starting out, you will be in synthetic or fleece shorts, a polyester T-Shirt, sock liners with synthetic would hiking / trekking socks, and heavy-duty hiking boots.


Rain is common, so Gore-Tex jacket and pants are required. A cape is needed to protect the head from the sun. Sun block and lip balm are musts – as are bug repellent, water bottles and a water purifier.


A polypro long underwear top and bottom beneath shorts and a T-Shirt is recommended.

As a suggestion during the trek, a fleece vest or jacket must be kept at ready pauses during the climb. Gaiters are essential through the wet, knee-high grasses at this elevation.


Fleece pants will warm you during the windy nights, which follow the summer-ice days at this zone. A warm sleeping bag will keep you warm for those few hours you get to sleep before making an attempt at the top.


Polypro long, a fleece middle, and Gore-Tez outer.

A balaclava and warm hat will protect the head and line gloves, wind stopper gloves and over mitts protect your hands.

Because the summit attempt day begins at around midnight or 1:0 a.m., you will need a headlamp.

Glacier glasses will keep you from snow blindness when you reach those snows of Mount Kilimanjaro.

As you can see above, because you move from the Africa jungle to Arctic tundra in a matter of days, you need many different types of clothing.

You go from dressing in shorts and T-Shirts that are wringing wet with sweat to a layering system topped off by Gore-Tex to endure winds that push the chilly air well below zero degrees.

You will require the correct underwear, thermal hiking socks, gloves (preferably mittens), warm head protection, rain coat, sunglasses and sun protection cream. Also remember your hiking boots, hiking/running shoes (it is not necessary to walk with boots or climbers shoes until the last sections where scree and rocks are encountered), and very importantly, a walking stick / ski-pole. One of the most critical items of clothing is a an outer jacket.You want it to perform the functions of keeping you warm, protect you at temperatures of as low as minus 25 degrees Celsius, keep the wind out and yet still “breath”. Try to avoid tight fitting clothing or underwear. This will hamper circulation, causing either cold or discomfort on the mountain. A balaclava will protect your face against cold, wind, sun and snow. Other clothing like shorts, sweaters and T-shirts are strongly recommended, especially during hiking on the lower slopes, when the day temperatures are still high.

The only way to ensure that you are dressed warmly is to follow the principal of wearing the correct clothing layers, starting from against the body. A common mistake made by climbers is to wear almost everything they have and to start off with cotton against the skin. Cotton absorbs moisture perfectly, and moisture trapped against the skin will result in a definite lowering of the body temperature, which could even lead to hypothermia. It is therefore very important to use proper thermal underwear with “wicking” properties (a fabric which has the ability to draw moisture away from the body) and thus enabling it to evaporate to the outside. The middle layer should provide the insulation and a product like polar fleece will be adequate in this regard. The outer layer should be windproof, waterproof and breathable. Products like Ventex, Gore-Tex or Jeantex offer these properties. Short of altitude and physical exertion, cold is one of the most serious obstacles when attempting to summit Kilimanjaro.


The higher you ascend the more the suns rays burn. Something that shades your eyes is best.

…or ski mask made from some type of insulated material with just an opening for your eyes and nose. You will need it for the final ascent.

A good pair, necessary for both the desert area and for snow blindness at the summit.


Take one for every day you intend to be on the mountain, and one more, just in case.

Upper Clothing
Polo neck long sleeves loose are best, as the thin layers trap air which insulates you. Also bring at least one woolen or fleece jumper.

As good as you can afford. There are many insulated materials that are good, Polertex, Gortex/Ventex. Get one that can pack easily with big pockets and a covered zip area. Waterproof is good but not essential. All these features will be appreciated at 4am when you are climbing to the summit

Rain Gear
Simple lightweight rain suit for the rain forest and in case it snows later on. The waterproof leggings will also shield your legs from the wind at the summit.

As waterproof and as wind proof as possible. Ski gloves are good.


A change for every day. Even though it’s cold you’ll still sweat which makes climbing uncomfortable.

Thermal Underwear
A pair of long-johns. If you can’t find any, a pair of elastic leggings does the same thing – nobody’s going to see them

Light jogging shorts are necessary for the first days.

Trousers or track-suit pants – anything except jeans. Jeans hold the cold close to your body and give off heat very quickly. Also, if they get wet, they are very slow to dry.

Rain Pants
Bring a good pair of rain pants of Gore-Tex or other waterproof material. Try to get a pair that are wind-proof too.


Two pairs of light

Mountain trekking in Tanzania

Mount MeruClimbing Mt. Meru is usually skipped in favour of its bigger neighbour Mt. Kilimanjaro to the west, but the sheer beauty and challenge of this three-day climb makes it a must-do for obliging itineraries. The early parts of the trail pass through lush rainforests of fig trees and colubus monkeys high in the canopy.As you climb higher, the cloud forest clears in the late afternoon to reveal striking vistas of Kilimanjaro and the volcano chain on the edge of the Rift Valley. The last distance before the summit passes over the crater ridge – an exhilarating experience, and not one for the faint-hearted.

So while Kilimanjaro offers the chance to scale to the ‘roof of Africa,’ its slightly smaller neighbour is certainly not lacking in adventure

 Mount Kilimanjaro

The highest peak and most famous mountain in Africa, scaling the peak of Mount Kilimanjaro is a heavy challenge, more from the rigours of altitude than the actual difficulty of the hike itself. The climb, which takes on average five days (you’re more likely to reach the top if you pace yourself), takes hikers through thick forests and alpine grasslands, desolate rockface and brilliant white glaciers.

Views of Kenya and the Masaai Steppe, the Crater Highlands, and the Eastern Arc Mountain Range expand from the summit, and unlike other comparable peaks, you don’t need ropes or climbing equipment to make it to the top. As long as you pace yourself and take it easy at high altitudes, you have every reason to think you can reach the summit.

General Information for Climbing Mount Kilimanjaro.
This section introduces you to Kilimanjaro’s fascinating natural history and special points of interest. It offers information on all the major, and some minor routes, guidelines for successful exploration of the mountain, as well as information on services.
The highest mountain in Africa (5,895 meters) and the tallest free-standing mountain in the world, Kilimanjaro has tantalized and intrigued since the first organized ascent by Hans Meyer in 1889. It took Meyer six weeks to reach the summit, these days it is usually done in six or seven days, five days if you’re pushing the pace.
And although people talk about having “climbed” Kilimanjaro, the vast majority of routes are hiking routes with no technical climbing involved at all.
Whether or not you have ever had the yen to climb big mountains, or even see any sense in it, climbing Mount Kilimanjaro is an absolute must for anyone who has the time, the money and the physical fitness.

Although climbing Mt. Kilimanjaro does not require any particular climbing skills, as it is basically a long, steep trek, this is not to say that considerable planning and forethought are not required. The ascent usually takes about five days and cannot be undertaken without hiring a guide. Porters should also be considered and hiring people as well as the necessary equipment and purchase of provisions can be arranged by Meru Slopes Tours. Although an ascent can be made at any time of year, most people prefer to attempt it during the months of January, February, August and September when there is a greatest chance of cloudless mornings and evenings, and hence better views.

Kilimanjaro. The name itself is a mystery wreathed in clouds. It might mean Mountain of Light, Mountain of Greatness or Mountain of Caravans. Or it might not. The local people, the Wachagga, don’t even have a name for the whole massif, only Kipoo (now known as Kibo) for the familiar snowy peak that stands imperious, overseer of the continent, the summit of Africa.

Kilimanjaro, by any name, is a metaphor for the compelling beauty of East Africa. When you see it, you understand why. Not only is this the highest peak on the African continent; it is also the tallest free-standing mountain in the world, rising in breathtaking isolation from the surrounding coastal scrubland – elevation around 900 metres – to an imperious 5,895 metres (19,336 feet).

Kilimanjaro is one of the world’s most accessible high summits, a beacon for visitors from around the world. Most climbers reach the crater rim with little more than a walking stick, proper clothing and determination. And those who reach Uhuru Point, the actual summit, or Gillman’s Point on the lip of the crater, will have earned their climbing certificates.
But there is so much more to Kili than her summit. The ascent of the slopes is a virtual climatic world tour, from the tropics to the Arctic.

Even before you cross the national park boundary (at the 2,700m contour), the cultivated footslopes give way to lush montane forest, inhabited by elusive elephant, leopard, buffalo, the endangered Abbot’s duiker, and other small antelope and primates. Higher still lies the moorland zone, where a cover of giant heather is studded with otherworldly giant lobelias.
Above 4,000m, a surreal alpine desert supports little life other than a few hardy mosses and lichen. Then, finally, the last vestigial vegetation gives way to a winter wonderland of ice and snow – and the magnificent beauty of the roof of the continent.

Cooking at Eland Camp  
Who can climb ? Kilimanjaro can be climbed with a relative ease by any reasonable fit adult. This does not mean climbing it is a picnic; adequate preparations are necessary and there are serious health risks attached to being at such a high altitude.
But as the highest point in Africa, Kilimanjaro’s peak offers an irresistible challenge to many people. Dozens of tourists, ranging from teenagers to people in their sixties, set off up its slopes every day. For those who reach it, being at the summit of the Kilimanjaro is often the highlight of the trip.

Climbers on the summit of Mount Kilimanjaro no technical expertise is required to climb Kilimanjaro on its easier routes; however, because the altitude is so high, climbers need to acclimate and be in good shape if they plan to ascend to the top of Kibo. Many tourists do not acclimate long enough and they become sick, (nausea, headaches etc).

It is recommended that the hiker takes at least 6 days, preferable 7 days, to reach the top. We do offer both 5 and 6 days climb, but its better to arrange an extra day (best spent at Horombo to acclimate). The extra day costs more but its worth to have a safer and more enjoyable climb.
In the forest        
One of the main attractions of the ascent of Kilimanjaro is that it doesn’t require mountaineering experience, nor is any special climbing equipment needed for Kibo, if the normal route (Marangu) is followed, to make the ascent. Almost any time is suitable, except during the long rains in April and May. The best months are January, February and October, when there are very often cloudless days.

Climb slowly to increase your acclimatisation time and maximise your chances of reaching the summit.
To avoid altitude sickness, allow a minimum of five nights, preferably even more for the climb. Take your time and enjoy the beauty of the mountain.

Safaris options in Tanzania


Budget Camping
Budget Tanzania camping safaris are among the most popular options for visitors who want to explore Tanzania’s many game parks and conservation areas. The safaris embark on the same circuit of national parks and game reserves as other more expensive companies, and guests get to feel like they’re experiencing an ‘on the ground’ adventure by camping in beautiful locales. Camping safaris are a rewarding experience because visitors feel like they’re ‘roughing it’ and participating in a real African adventure, but still have all the benefits and comforts of safari drivers, guides, and a cook to take care of all their needs.

Tanzania Budget camping safaris were originally organized for hunting fraternity and we have adapted this style of safari to cater for people whose interest is in watching or photographing Africa’s Wildlife, scenery and people.

Dunia Tours Camping Safaris provide the highest level of comfort yet maintain intimate contact with the bush and the sounds of the African night.

Budget Camping in the bush of Tanzania is the quintessential African Safari experience. Just a piece of cloth between you and the African night. A quire of nocturnal birds, insects and distant roaring lions lullabies you to sleep. Sitting around an open camp fire with the southern skies bright over head is the real way of appreciating Africa’s magic. There are campsites everywhere and camping facilitates in all our safari itineraries, to any park or wilderness area in Tanzania.

Safari Tents used by Dunia Tours And Safaris

Budget Camping is not only the best way of getting close to Africa, but it could also be the cheapest way to visit the great national parks of East Africa. Joining a budget Tanzania safari is a great experience by itself!

These safaris are suitable for any person who enjoys camping and or outdoor activities. Itineraries are of a superb standard and visit all national parks and areas of interest. We use good quality 4×4 land rovers and land cruisers with viewing roof hatches, equipment is carried by a trailer (if number of participating clients requires). Our Safari driver/guides have good knowledge of conservation issues, fauna and flora. Camping trips are accompanied by a Safari cook who prepares 3 delicious meals daily. Camp assistants may be available on certain safaris according to the number of participating clients.

Accommodation is mostly in modern, large three-person tents with a sewn-in ground sheet, with a comfortable foam mattress spread on the ground sheet (clients bring their own sleeping bags or we can provide the clients with sleeping bags).

The campsites are public national parks campsites, which have flush toilets and hot showers. They have a “clubhouse” where you dine, and sometimes there is evening entertainment.

For a Camping Safari please bring with you:

Sleeping Bags Headlight flash torch Binoculars Sun Tan Lotion or Cream Sun GlassesCap / Hat Warm clothes

Being a relatively tasty product in the Tanzania tourism circuit, Budget Camping Safari is the ideal way to rough it up with a guarantee of enjoying what goes with the other luxuries options.

This type of Safari always goes with Four-wheel drive safari vehicle that pulls a trailer (depending on the number of participants) which contains all the Camping gear.

It is a comfortable vehicle, well adapted to the Tanzanian roads leading to various parks. It has the power to pull with ease the attached trailer, thus arriving at every destination within the required time.

Upon arrival at a Public Campsite, our experienced staffs normally spend some moments pitching the tents. This paves way for the cook to start preparing the next meal. With the presence of the public Washroom facilities, the client get the opportunity to take a shower, change their dressing,, thus freshen up and get ready for the evening.

Come supper, and it’s served in the open: you enjoy the evening breeze as you marvel at the beauty of the open star-lit skies.

We provide small tents for accommodation where by some mattresses are spread on the sewn-in ground sheet. The tents are spacious enough for two people.

They have a mesh on each window that keeps off any insects. With the application of some insecticide an hour before you go in for your sleep, you are assured that not even a single bug will be a bother during your soft night sleep.

In short, budget Camping goes with all sorts of terminology, However Adventure is the name associated with this style of doing Safaris. Coming close to Nature is the sense so achieved. It is fascinating. It is awe-inspiring. It is moving.

Practically, below are all components involved in our Camping safaris:

Safari Transport:

Safari 4×4 vehicle with pop-up roof is used for the safari. The cook does join the clients in the some vehicles.In some cases, A trailer is provided to carry all camping equipment and foodstuffs.

Camping Safari Accommodation:

• Small two-man tents are used with a sewn-in ground sheets.
• A two – inch mattress spread on the ground sheet
• The clients always bring their own sleeping bags, if they don’t have a sleeping bag, then Bobby Tours would provide them.

Safari Meals:

• Three meals a day prepared by a safari special cook.
• These meals are served in a small Mess Tent equipped with a dinning table and folding stools.

Special Note on Campsite used in Budget Camping Safaris:

Dunia Tours always uses the existing public Campsites managed by Tanzania National Parks Authority. These Campsites have basic sanitary facilities including a washroom and a toilet with a reasonable hygienic standard.

Luxury Camping Safaris
Luxury camping safaris mixes the best of the African bush with an exclusive and luxurious atmosphere. Tented camps are stationary and set up before your arrival, with a group of cooks, tent staff, waiters, drivers, and your guide, all there to make sure you experience the best in service, food, and high-end accommodation. Tents are equipped with running water and electricity, fully furnished in safari chic comfort and style. At night, sundowners around the fire leads to chats about the game viewing and events of the day. Private guides and an entire camp to yourself make luxury camping safaris one of the more romantic safari options on offer in Tanzania  rustic adventure, with no comfort sacrificed.

Reputable luxury safari companies in Tanzania have made a name for themselves over the years, with camps set up around the northern circuit and also in the more remote parts of the country. Cuisine is tailored to meet clients needs, and the service of the camping staff, plus the experience of the drivers and guides, means that the experience has become a popular option over the years. With camp fires under the African stars and the best in personalised service, it’s not surprising that luxury tented safaris have become a mainstay of the safari business in Tanzania.

Lodge Safaris
For visitors who want the amenities of home and the adventure of a safari experience, lodge safaris are a popular choice, and make up the majority of safaris to Tanzania. Lodges offer traditional hotel-style rooms in a comfortable and controlled environment, and allow hesitant visitors to feel secure during their stay in and around game parks and nature reserves. All of the national parks and most of the game reserves have numerous lodges based in and around their boundaries for visitors to choose from, and the variety caters for every budget and taste. Options include everything on the spectrum, from high-end luxury lodges tree house rooms high in the forest canopies, highland cottages with feather beds and fireplaces, all-natural beach bungalows on hidden island retreats to more lower-budget options like fully furnished safari tents, equipped with hot showers, comfortable beds, and a breathtaking view.

When staying at lodges at either Wildlife lodges, Sopa Lodges or Serena Lodges, all meals and services are provided for guests by the lodge property, and extra additions to the safari can be arranged. Breakfast and often lunch is served as a buffet, with dinner a more formal, sit-down occasion. Traditional tribal dances, called ngoma, may take place on certain nights, and live music, theme nights, or other entertainment is often provided during the week. During the morning and afternoons, visitors set off on game drives with their safari guide and driver, returning for tea, drinks, and dinner when the sun begins to set. Extras such as hot-air ballooning, night game drives, nature walks, sunset drinks, and other activities are also on offer at various properties.
All in all, the lodge safari experience is a comfortable and accessible way to see the various game parks and nature reserves of Tanzania. Every budget and taste is accounted for. All over Tanzania, from the Serengeti to the remote stretches of southern coastline, lodges await to welcome visitors from around the world.

Fly Camping

‘Fly camping’ is the term for luxury walking safaris where visitors sleep out in the open with only a mosquito net between them and the African sky. Guests often embark on day hikes through the bush with their private guide, and camp is set up each evening in a new locale. These mobile walking safaris give visitors a chance to see the wildlife and birds of the game reserves up close, and experience their natural surroundings without the distraction of vehicles and other guests. For many visitors, fly camping is the height of their Tanzanian experience – the sheer vastness of their surroundings, the peaceful rhythms of nature, and the opportunity to be alone in the African bush is a stunning and memorable experience.

Fly camping is fast becoming the most popular option for luxury safari guests who want to experience the freedom and adventure of camping in the African bush without the encumbrances camping often entails. Hike lengths can be varied according to difficulty and length each day, and the guided walks introduce guests to a living, breathing world that extends beyond the big game of other mainstream safari options. Visitors learn to read animal tracks, explore the medicinal properties of indigenous plant life, and immerse themselves in the vast world of insects and bird life that sustains the vast African plains. At present, fly camping is only available in the Selous Game Reserve, but due to its popularity, other game reserves may include it as a safari option soon.

Saturday, 10 December 2016


Day 1: Arusha - Lake Manyara National Park

Your safaris will start from  0830am and drive on tarmac road 130km (2hrs) with lunch box to Lake Manyara National Park (330 sq km) on the base of the Great Rift Valley, for the Morning & Afternoon game drives. More than 400 bird species have been recorded, and even a first-time visitor to Africa might reasonably expect to observe 100 of these in one day. Highlights include thousands of pink-hued flamingos on their perpetual migration, as well as other large water birds such as pelicans, cormorants and storks. The park is home to Lion, Hippo, Elephant, Zebra, Buffalo, Giraffe, Baboon, Blue and Vervet monkey, Warthog and more. This small park contains also five distinct vegetation zones. Thus supporting a large variety of birds and animals. In this park canoeing has recently been added to the tourist activities in this park at extra cost. This is a great way to see the park from a new perspective. Dinner and overnight at the Lodge.

Day 2: Lake Manyara National Park - Serengeti National Park

The breakfast will be at 0600am. Pick up from the Camp at 0700am and drive to the Great Serengeti National with your Picnic Lunch Packed and game drives en route via Ngorongoro Crater rim. The Serengeti National Park the home to lion, leopard, Elephant, Cheetah, Buffalo, Zebra, Wildebeest, Eland, Wild dog, Gazelles, Crocodiles and more. Serengeti is one of the most comprehensive and appealing internet presentations on nature, conservation and research in general. Every day, hundreds of nature-lovers and tourists from all over the world visit the virtual Serengeti.  Experiencing the local maasai people around lake manyara.  in our day it is one of the most famous national parks on Earth, renowned for its magnificent lions but best known for its great migration.

Day 3: Serengeti National Park

After breakfast, continues with both morning and afternoon game drives in Serengeti National Park. Remember this is the migration safari, so as Serengeti is very large as your game drives will depend on the move of the migrants, your guide knows very well how to locate the herds. The Serengeti National Park is famous for the 'Great Migration', over one million wildebeest and two hundred thousand plus zebras each year follow the rains. In October and November they travel from the mountains of the north, southwards to the plains seeking lush pastures. After the great rainy season in April, May, and June the herds then make their return ward journey. Even without this mass migration, the Serengeti is still an exciting and spectacular place that still cannot fail to enthrall Dinner and overnight at Sopa Lodge

Day 4: Serengeti National Park - Ngorongoro Crater Rim

Wake up at early 0600hours for early morning game drives in Serengeti at 0900 hours back to the Lodge for breakfast. Here in the Serengeti region you can often watch wildebeest and zebras next to lions and other big cats such as leopards and cheetahs. Lunch is taken at a picnic spot before a slow drive to the Ngorongoro Crater. On the way you will pass the Olduvai Gorge where the English pair, Louis and Mary Leak pioneered excavation work. In the sixties some of the earliest archaeological deposits of human evolution was found and a small museum (visit optional) documents these discoveries. Then check out and drive with lunch and game viewing en route to Ngorongoro Crater Rim. Dinner and Overnight at the Sopa Lodge

Day 5: Ngorongoro Crater Floor - Arusha

Wake up early morning for breakfast then at 0730hours drive to Ngorongoro Crater where you will descend into the Crater floor (19.2 km of diameter, 610m deep, 304 sq km) for game drives. All the Big five Rhino, Lion, Leopard, Buffalo and Elephant live in this wonderful caldera, and many more mammals. Birds include flamingos on the Soda lake, Geese, Storks, Vultures and more. Break for lunch at Ngoitoktok spring Picnic site. Ngorongoro Crater is often called 'Africa's Eden' the '8th Natural Wonder of the World'. A massive extinct volcano, its towering tree lined walls drop thousands of feet to a "Noah's Ark" of animals on the verdant floor below. Nowhere else can such a diversity in wildlife be experienced in such a short period of time. After lunch proceed with game viewing while ascending the Crater and drive to Arusha.

Saturday, 3 December 2016

The beautiful animal in the park, Zebra.

Bold black and white animals named Zebra, the animals are use to take water and pasture in the crater since the crater is cold with green grasses.

 Eden lake in the Ngorongoro crater as some tourists use to make their memorable holiday.In the crater there is a hot water lake.

The Ngorongoro crater hot lake.It is the oasis like lake in the crater.The lake is incredible amazing natural featured by the God. Look the pictures below.

The big animals are also in the crater as the figure below looks.

Real amazing to see the features of the crater.

The amazing green features of the crater. Note you never have holiday if you never visit the crater.